HydroKone

HydroKone

Indications

  • An alternative to rigid gas permeable lenses for fitting keratoconic eyes of all stages.
  • Often succeeds when piggyback fail.

Description

The posterior surface of the lens consists of a steep central curve, flatter para-central curve, and a final peripheral curve. All curves are aspheric with the central curve computed by a complex polynomial formula; it approximates hyperbolic aspheres in larger sagittal depths. The para-central curve is similar in design to the base curve of a standard soft lens.

The anterior surface has a central optical portion, which quickly tapers to thinner flange curve to maximize oxygen to the cornea. It has about the same total lens mass as a standard high plus soft lens. When residual astigmatism indicates that a toric lens is needed, double slab-off ballasting is used to stabilize lens rotation.

Materials Available

  • Hioxifilcon A (standard): Glycerol Methacrylate polymer with 59% water content. This material is known for more resistance to dehydration, less flexure, and better optical properties than other soft lens materials.
  • Methafilcon A is widely used for toric and specialty lenses and is known for good durability.

Our staff can guide you in the selection of the best polymer for each case.

Parameters Available

Base Curves 4.1 mm to 9.3 mm
Diameter 12.0 mm to 17.0 mm
BV Powers +50.00 D. to -75.00 D. in 0.25 D. steps
Cylinder (toric) -0.25 D. to –15.00 D. in 0.25 D. steps
Axis (toric) 1° to 180° in 1° steps
Colors Clear or VisiTint Blue
Material (standard) Hioxifilcon A 59% water 24 Dk
Material Methafilcon A 55% water 18 Dk

Designs Available

Standard Central steep zone Typical (mild or advanced)
Globus Large sagittal depth Ectasia of most of cornea
Pellucid Reverse geometry Ectasia of large sector of cornea
Diagnostic Lenses 14.8 diameter (standard) 8.6 paracentral fitting curve
9 Lens Diagnostic Set 5.3, 5.7, 6.1, 6.5, 6.9, 7.3, 7.7, 8.1, 8.5 base curves
6 Lens Diagnostic Set 6.5, 6.9, 7.3, 7.7, 8.1, 8.5 base curves

Our guarantee: All lenses are manufactured to specification and free from defects.

Diagnostic Lens Fitting Method

Fitting Theory

The goal is to fit as much normal peripheral cornea and sclera as possible with the para-central and the peripheral curve in much the same way you would fit a standard soft lens. Then fit the central curve that has the proper sagittal depth to lightly touch the central cornea. Use high molecular weight fluorescein help assess the central fitting relationship. It is highly recommended that a diagnostic lens be used to evaluate the fit of the Hydrokone. However, expect a low riding lens due to decentered cones and expect more movement than seen with standard soft lenses.

The radius of the central curve differentiates lenses in the diagnostic set. The smallest radius has the largest sagittal depth. Although the basic diagnostic lenses are all 14.8 mm diameter and 8.6 mm para-central radius; other parameters are available.

1. Select Initial Base Curve

  • Use the chart below to select the radius of the initial lens based on the AVERAGE of the steepest and flattest K-readings.
  • If K-readings are not available or reliable, choose the 7.7 lens as the initial diagnostic lens.
  • When needed, other base curves and para-central curves are available.
Average K Label Para-Central
Curve Radius
Total Lens Diameter
43.00 to 46.99 8.50 8.6 mm
in standard
Diagnostic Set
14.8 mm
in standard
Diagnostic Set
47.00 to 49.99 8.10
50.00 to 52.99 7.70
53.00 to 55.99 7.30
56.00 to 58.99 6.90
59.00 to 61.99 6.50
62.00 to 64.99 6.10
65.00 to 67.99 5.70
68.00 to 72.00 5.30

2. Evaluate the two areas of lens

CENTRAL CURVE: Under slit-lamp examination, the central curve area should be free of folds and air bubbles beneath the lens. Since the fit of the central curve determines the quality of the optical system, it is best determined by optical methods.

  • Keratometry over the lens should show RELATIVELY crisp mires with REGULAR astigmatism.
  • Refraction over the lens (sphere and cylinder) should give a stable endpoint.

The optimal central curve is the one that lightly touches the central cornea. A larger radius will correct for a central curve that is too steep and vaults the cornea. A smaller radius will correct for a central curve that rests excessively on the central cornea, leaving too little contact between the cornea/sclera and the para-central curve.

PARA-CENTRAL CURVE: Look for the characteristics of a standard soft lens fit. Edge buckle, edge lift, or excessive movement indicate a loose lens. Order a lens with the para-central curve whose radius is steeper by 0.3 mm or more (example: from the standard 8.6 mm to 8.3 mm). Compressed vessels or little lens movement indicate a tight para- central curve. Use an 8.9 or greater para-central radius to correct a tight fit.

3. Order the lens by

  • Central Radius
  • Power (sphero-cylinder over-refraction or final power)
  • Para-central curve radius (example: 8.0, 8.3, 8.6, 8.9, 9.2, etc.)
  • Diameter (example: 14.8, 14.5, etc)

4. Notes

  • When the area of the cornea manifesting the disease is large or significantly decentered, please contact our consultants for alternate designs. We can adjust the parameters of the lens to accommodate most of these situations.
  • The Pellucid HydroKoneTM design is indicated for eyes where the cornea exhibits para-central steepening in a larger area, than in standard keratoconus cases. The posterior surface incorporates reverse geometry: that is, the para-central curve is steeper than the central curve. This design is also used in post corneal transplant cases where the peripheral cornea is steeper than the central cornea.
  • The Globus HydroKoneTM design is indicated for fitting eyes that exhibit a large sagittal depth due to steepening of most of the cornea.
  • For both the Pellucid and Globus HydroKones, the para-central curves vary with the central curve radius and will appear on the label of the vial.

 

 

Please contact our consultants for design assistance at 877-533-1509. We can adjust the parameters of the lens to accommodate most situations.